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Mental Health
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The National Mental Health Association (NMHA)

• Mental health problems affect one in every five young people at any given time.

• An estimated two-thirds of all young people with mental health problems are not getting the help they need.

• Studies indicate that 1 in 5 children and adolescents (20 percent) may have a diagnosable disorder. Estimates of the number of children who have mental disorders range from 7.7 million to 12.8 million.

• It is estimated that between 118,700 and 186,600 youths who are involved in the juvenile justice system have at least one mental disorder.

• According to a 1994 OJJDP study of juveniles' response to health screenings conducted at the admission of juvenile facilities, 73 percent of juveniles reported having mental health problems and 57 percent reported having prior mental health treatment or hospitalization.

• Of the 100,000 teenagers in juvenile detention, estimates indicate that 60 percent have behavioral, mental or emotional problems.

• Serious emotional disturbances affect 1 in ever 10 young people at any given time.

A Month of Mental Health Facts:  Prepared by the staff of the Child Study Center
© 2006 Child Study Center, NYU School of Medicine

• Twelve million children and adolescents suffer from a diagnosable psychiatric disorder. Serious emotional disturbance affects 1 in every 10 young people, but an estimated two-thirds are not getting the help they need.

• Only one out of every five children with a psychiatric disorder gets treatment.

• Half of all cases of adults with psychiatric disorders report that it started before age 14.

• More children suffer from psychiatric illness than from leukemia, diabetes, and AIDS combined.

• Fewer than 10% of the 80,000 public schools in the U.S. have comprehensive mental health services.

• Fifty percent of students receiving special education services through the public schools are identified as having learning disabilities, according to the 24th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2002.

• Children with untreated Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder drop out of high school 10 times more than other children. 
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
A chronic behavioral disorder with three major symptoms: inattention, impulsivity, and sometimes hyperactivity.

• Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) runs in families: 15–20% of mothers, 20–30% of fathers, and 25% of siblings of children with ADHD have ADHD.

• Girls are under diagnosed for ADHD because they are more prone to the "inattentive-type" of ADHD, according to a study in the June 2007 issue of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

• Medication combined with behavior therapy works best for children with ADHD.

• More than 3 million children suffer from Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

• Three to 5% of teenage girls have a diagnosable eating disorder. 
Eating Disorders

The overall term refers to a variety of disorders including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. The common feature of all is aberrant eating behavior, often accompanied by a distorted body image. Anorexia is diagnosed when a youngster’s food restriction causes weight to drop 15% below what is normal. Bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are characterized by attempts to binge and/or get rid of food eaten.

• Although 90% of those diagnosed with anorexia are girls, boys now account for 4–10 percent of the patients with eating disorders. 
Anorexia Nervosa
Marked by severe and prolonged refusal to eat, with severe weight loss, amenorrhea or impotence, disturbance of body image, and an intense fear of being obese.

• Roughly 25 million children age 17 and under are obese or overweight, nearly one-third of the 74 million children in that age group, according to Census Bureau data and a 2006 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

• Anorexia and Bulimia have the highest death rate (about 5–10%) of any childhood psychiatric illness.

• With reported estimates of 5-20% of all children being diagnosed with Anxiety Disorders, they are the most common mental health problems children face. 
A normal, natural emotion experienced by most human beings. However, a youth with an anxiety disorder experiences anxiety more strongly and more readily than others and has excessive worry to a degree that interferes with the rest of his or her life.

• Five to 20% of all children have learning difficulties—1 in 5 children in every classroom.  Learning Disorders
A child with a learning disorder shows difficulty in acquiring age-appropriate competence in reading, mathematics, written expression or social skills. Thought to be due to variation in brain structure and function.

• One in 100 children is diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder or Schizophrenia. 
Bipolar disorder

A mood disorder characterized by varying episodes of mania, hypomania, and depression. Bipolar I disorder refers to the presence of one or more manic episodes, often preceding or following a depressive episode. Bipolar II disorder refers to the presence of one or more major depressive episodes and at least one hypomanic episode and no manic episodes. Schizophrenia Disorder
Characterized by the distorted thinking associated with delusions and hallucinations. May have a gradual onset, with symptoms of withdrawal and disordered language evident over time, or it may have a sudden onset in adolescence.

• Fifty-nine percent of those with Bipolar Disorder reported suffering their first symptoms during childhood or adolescence.

• Twenty to 40% of all adolescents with eating disorders will also have Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

An anxiety disorder marked by the presence of obsessions and compulsions severe enough to interfere with the activities of daily life. Obsessions are repeated, unwanted thoughts often related to fears of contamination. Compulsions are repeated, purposeless behaviors.



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